Pressure ulcers also known as pressure sores occur when the skin and surrounding tissue is damaged by medical devices or the weight of the body pressing down. This restricts blood flow and the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the area. Having a poor nutrient and fluid intake can increase the risk of pressure ulcers. The risk increases in those who are underweight or overweight. Maintaining a healthy weight and eating a balanced diet can reduce the risk of developing pressure ulcers. Once a pressure ulcer has developed, nutrition plays a vital role in the healing process. This is because the body needs protein, energy calories, vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, iron and zinc, and plenty of fluids to support the wound healing process. Your body may need more protein if you have a pressure ulcer.
These proteins are required for the initial phases of wound healing. Metabolic response to surgery in infants and children. Having a poor nutrient and fluid intake can increase the risk of pressure ulcers.
Research Needs Undernutrition is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Try to have at least one of these foods at each meal. Such a care plan should be reassessed and reviewed, i. This reduces collagen development and impedes wound healing. The efficacy of OKG on the size reduction of pressure ulcer after 6 weeks of treatment is determined in the study by Meaume et al. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. The skin needs a good supply of fluid and nutrients to maintain its circulation and keep it supple. If you are overweight choose low fat versions. Some changes that could help to increase your intake are: Ensure that you have regular meals. It also resulted in all service users on modified texture diets having a fortified diet.
Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers and risk of death. Validity of the Braden nutrition subscale in predicting pressure ulcer development. This system rates the evidence based on the type and quality of the study methodology and results. The safety of these requirements also needs to be evaluated because excessive protein intake could have negative effects on fragile older patients such as increased urea synthesis in the liver and decreased renal function. Clin Nutr. This method was developed and proposed by Baker and co-investigators in gastrointestinal surgery patients. Appetite stimulants and anabolic steroids may have a role in improving body weight; however, more research is needed to determine effectiveness in promoting pressure ulcer healing. Nutrition and pressure damage Once a pressure ulcer has developed, nutrition plays a vital role in the healing process.