Cardiovascular disease is responsible for more than 30 percent of the total number of deaths worldwide, and every year more people are being diagnosed with the condition. But although the total number of people who suffer with cardiovascular disease increases, the number of those who die from heart and circulatory diseases is in steady decline. This is because treatment options, quality of care and access to healthcare have improved considerably since the middle of the previous century. Even though this is definitely a positive sign, it means that more and more people are living with cardiovascular disease — which can seriously impact quality of life and puts people at risk of sudden death. It makes sense then that cardiovascular disease prevention is considered to be the number one target for many national healthcare services around the globe. Prevention includes encouraging people to eat a healthier diet, become more physically active and stop smoking. All three can provide multiple benefits — reducing risk for a range of diseases and conditions and improving quality of life. For many people facing a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, diet is probably one of the first things they might look to tackle. There are a number of healthy diets around — many of them associated with regions or countries, such as the New Nordic — which promotes eating root vegetables, cabbage, apples, berries, fish and game among other things — the Japanese — which advocates the consumption of rice, cooked and pickled vegetables, fish, meat and soy beans — and the Mediterranean diet. The Mediterranean diet is a balanced diet, promoting the consumption of vegetables and fruits in addition to oily fish, olive oil, red wine, lean meats, nuts, and low-fat dairy products. It has been known since the late s that it does offer cardioprotective benefits and several large and not so large studies have confirmed these findings since.
Vegetarian diets may lead to lower blood pressure, improved cholesterol levels, healthier weight and less incidence of Type 2 Diabetes, all of which can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. A vegetarian diet consists of eating plant-based foods while avoiding meat. A vegan diet is different from a vegetarian diet because it avoids all animal products and byproducts. This means removing all dairy and eggs from your diet. Some people may choose to exclude things like honey and gelatin as well. Vegetarian and vegan diets can provide all the nutrients you need at any age, as well as some additional health benefits. Vegetarian diets often have lower levels of total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol than many meat-based diets, and higher intakes of fibre, magnesium, potassium, folate and antioxidants such as vitamins C and E. A vegetarian eating plan can provide all the nutrients you need but requires careful planning. We recommend that you. A vegetarian or vegan diet requires planning to meet your nutrient needs. Here are the nutrients that require some special attention. It is no longer necessary to combine proteins for example, beans with grains, in the same meal in order to maximize protein absorption.
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If you’re not totally sure what constitutes a plant-based diet, you’re not alone. Many people believe a plant-based diet means a vegetarian diet — a family of eating patterns that omits some or all foods that come from animals see “Vegetarian variations”. But plant-based diets don’t necessarily exclude animal-derived foods. While the main focus is on plants — grains, vegetables, fruits, legumes dried beans and peanuts, and nuts — these diets may include limited amounts of fish, meat, poultry, and dairy products. Research showing the health benefits of plant-based diets has bolstered this awareness, she notes. It’s also helped to fuel the “veg-centric” movement that’s now trending in upscale restaurants, where creative, plant-based entrees are at the center of a diner’s plate instead of a chunk of meat. Semi-vegetarians include some animal-based foods in their diet. Many eat chicken and fish but not red meat.